Psychiatry vs Psychology: What’s The Difference?

While it may be common for people to use these terms interchangeably, psychology and psychiatry are not the same. Although both of these professions deal with mental health, the doctors and the methods of treatment they use differ in many ways.

You may be wondering which option is best for you? Let’s take a look at each and what they focus upon.

Psychiatry vs Psychology: What's The Difference?

How are they different?

Psychiatry. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor (MD) that graduated from medical school. They can prescribe medication and clinically diagnose mental health disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar, OCD. They are able to run lab tests and review the patient’s medical history to rule out any other possible medical issues that could be causing the symptoms in question. Along with prescribing medication, they also offer treatments such as electroconvulsive therapy and light therapy. Some may offer talk therapy as well, while others will refer you to a psychologist to receive counseling.

Psychology. While a psychologist does hold a doctoral degree (Ph.D.), they did not attend medical school and are not medical doctors, therefore they cannot prescribe medication. They focus on healing through talk therapy(psychotherapy) rather than focusing on medication. This includes counseling and teaching methods to cope with issues the patient is going through, such as addiction, divorce, grief, trauma, and handling life changes. Talk therapy is used to help the patient focus on their feelings and how to deal with them.

Because both doctors work with the healing of mental health, it’s possible that your treatment will involve seeing both doctors for the same issue.

 

Don’t put your mental health to the side, the proper treatment can improve the quality of your life. Whether it is a short term need or ongoing, we are here for you.

Give us a call today! Pandora’s House Psychiatry offers in-person and telehealth treatment in Farmersville, Texas.

What Is ADHD Like in Adults?

You may often associate ADHD with children, as most of the symptoms that come with it are more obvious in younger patients. It can also be diagnosed in adulthood, however, oftentimes by going unnoticed until later in life or not at all.  This can lead to increased frustration and stress in daily life, which is why it’s important to know how the disorder changes as one grows older.

What Is ADHD Like in Adults?

Background

To understand adult ADHD, we must first look at its effects during childhood. According to the NIH, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which patients often present with symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. In children, this can look like a quick loss of interest in certain activities, discomfort when trying to sit still, or a tendency to do things without considering the consequences. Important to note is the fact that these behaviors cannot always be easily controlled by the child, as we already tend to have a less developed sense of self-control as children.

How Is Adult ADHD Different?

Adult ADHD, to put it simply, is like the more mature version of the childhood disorder. For example, where there was once difficulty paying attention in school, there may now be difficulty paying attention at work. As described by Mayo Clinic, Many undiagnosed adults don’t realize they may have it due to their beliefs that common activities are simply more difficult for them. Some ways this may be seen include:

  • Difficulty prioritizing or managing time well
  • Difficulty focusing on any number of tasks
  • Restless behavior/Impatience
  • Effects on mood (partly caused by the symptoms above)

Pairing these symptoms with a better sense of self-control that an adult has over a child, it’s easy to see how an adult with ADHD may not be aware of it at all. Because of the similarities between adult ADHD symptoms and natural behaviors, it can often be difficult to tell the difference.

If you or someone you know have experienced any number of these symptoms often, or if you are unsure, please reach out to us to receive a more personalized evaluation. We are dedicated to serving our Collin County community with diligent psychiatric care delivered with sensitivity, understanding, and trust. At Pandora’s House, we strive to increase access to mental health care and raise awareness of the many benefits of treatment. Feel free to call us at (972) 784-3064 or visit our website to schedule an appointment today.

Are You Showing Signs of Depression?

Depression can be a frightening and debilitating experience. Many people who have depression may not even be aware of it. They may notice that something is “off” or not quite right, but they are not exactly sure what is wrong. Depression can show itself in many ways, meaning that people can experience it differently. Which signs of depression do you identify with?

Are You Showing Signs of Depression?

Constant Feelings of Sadness

Typically, a person going through some type depression feels sad and dejected all the time, seemingly without a reason. Depression is more than feeling a little sad about a temporary situation, such as canceled plans with a friend. This type of sadness can be very intense and persistent; it can linger for weeks or months. Some people may feel like they need to cry all the time whereas others feel completely empty and numb.

Unexplained Irritability or Anger

Sometimes, perpetual feelings of sadness can lead to irritability in people suffering from depression. Others may altogether feel angrier and more irritable instead of feeling sad. They may lash out at others or become upset over something incredibly small. These types of outbursts can be particularly noticeable if an individual’s demeanor is typically calm and compassionate.

Inability to Enjoy Preferred Activities

Another widely accepted symptom of depression is anhedonia. This means that an individual no longer experiences pleasure during hobbies or activities that were once considered to be favorites. People who are experiencing anhedonia due to depression usually feel as though their preferred hobbies and interests have lost their luster. Anhedonia can affect people in various aspects of their lives, ranging from independent hobbies (ex. reading books) to social activities (ex. hanging out with friends).

Changes in Sleep and/or Diet

When someone’s mood is frequently fluctuating, this can affect other facets of his or her life. For instance, a person could develop irregular sleep patterns over time. This problem can range from insomnia (difficulty sleeping) to hypersomnia (sleeping too much). A person’s diet and weight can also be affected by depression. Some individuals may gain a considerable amount of weight whereas others may lose it. It’s possible this is because of an unintended change in diet or exercise. Some people report eating more when they are feeling depressed while others rarely have an appetite. It all depends on the person’s own experiences.

Hopelessness and Suicidal Ideation

Lastly, people suffering from depression may feel a sense of hopelessness, like nothing in their lives will get better. This can sometimes lead to thoughts of suicide or wanting to harm themselves. Although these emotions can feel extremely overwhelming, it is important to know that they are only temporary.

If you identify with any of the above symptoms and have been feeling this way for several weeks or months, you may have depression. It is essential for you to remember that you are not alone; you will get through this. Contact us today to learn how we can help.

Anxiety Disorders & Loss of Control

When you have an anxiety disorder, it may be very difficult for you to deal with some things on a daily basis that others take for granted. Anxiety derives from many sources, but there are also many consistent symptoms and situations that increase those symptoms, such as loss of control.

The feeling of loss of control is a primary factor that evokes anxiety among people with anxiety disorders. The experience of losing control can occur in hundreds of different ways, but some of the most common include:

Anxiety Disorders & Loss of Control

Being a Passenger

When we find ourselves in a situation where someone else is driving a vehicle, and we are the passive passengers, we’re likely to experience a feeling of loss of control. While some people have no problem with this feeling, those with anxiety may find it extraordinarily uncomfortable to give-up this control.

Others may call us back-seat drivers, or simply not understand why we feel anxious. It’s important to explain the feelings of anxiety we’re likely to, or are, experiencing to friends, family, acquaintances, coworkers, or anyone we find ourselves in the vehicle with as a passenger. Therapy is also a great way to learn the roots of why we feel out of control as a passenger.

Crowds

Even those without anxiety disorders can experience significant anxiety while in crowds. For those with anxiety, however, the feelings often come from feeling trapped or confined, which again relates to a sense of loss of control. Part of the ongoing healing process of anxiety disorders may include avoiding large crowds, as well as learning breathing and calming techniques through therapy.

Deadlines

Anxiety may also increase when we are faced with deadlines, especially with employment, because we don’t have control over when we complete a task or project. The feeling may start-off small and slowly get bigger as the deadline draws closer. The anxiety then slows us down, and we spend more time dealing with the anxiety than focusing on tasks.

Therapy can help us deal with, and eventually better accept, areas of our lives we don’t have control over, which in turn will help decrease anxiety levels and symptoms over time.

To schedule an appointment with a caring professional counselor in the North Dallas area, contact us today.

Relationship Building and Theraplay

It’s no secret that all children benefit from healthy, loving relationships. These relationships are what help children grow and learn about how life works while sculpting them to be active members of society. Well, what happens when those relationships suffer? Whether it involves trauma, a consistent digital ‘babysitter’ (such as an iPad, television, or gaming console), or just a lack of initiative from the adults involved, children suffer much more than it may seem. So, what can be done about it?

Relationship Building and Theraplay

Aside from getting the main adults in the child’s life to be more present, Theraplay can also be a great way to teach children about relationships, while building also building them. Theraplay has some similar concepts as Play Therapy, but is also very different. Play Therapy is a process that takes the child from the trauma they faced in life through the present time. It focuses on dealing with that trauma and growing through it, while building a trusting relationship with the therapist. Most Play Therapy is child driven and goes off of what they are feeling and what they choose to talk about while they play. Theraplay, on the other hand, lends more of a ‘move past and focus on the future’ mentality. It focuses on building relationships in the current moment by using a myriad of games and strategies decided on and put into action by the therapist.

By allowing the therapist to drive the play, the child can receive more direct help for different issues. Regardless of the issue; attachment, impulse control, anger, etc. the therapist isn’t waiting around for the child to present an opportunity to discuss or act out certain topics like in Play Therapy. They can plan session to session and build on the child’s growing skill set.

It’s been proven that therapy can be a great way to help decipher relationships at any age. Many people don’t start counseling until they are older and see the trauma they’ve been through in one way or another. Don’t children deserve the opportunity to understand that before they waste any more beautiful young years?

If you have or know a child that could benefit from our services, please visit our website or contact us today!

What is Psychiatry?

What is psychiatry? As a medical doctor deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical ailments, a psychiatrist is a medical doctor who does the same service for behavioral, mental, and emotional ailments. To accomplish these tasks, a psychiatrist has a variety of tools in his or her kit.

What is Psychiatry?

When most people think of what a psychiatrist does, they think of psychotherapy or, as it is sometimes called, talking therapy. The patient participates in sessions with a therapist and has a conversation about his or her problems, which might include some kind of trauma, depression over the death of a loved one or some other kind of loss, or an anxiety disorder, among others. The therapist is often able to lead the patient to perform behaviors that will lead him or her to overcome the disorder with which they are afflicted.

Some creative forms of psychotherapy exist that use animals, art, or play to help people cope with their mental health issues. Play therapy is especially effective with children, helping them to express their problems and to cope with them. Art therapy helps people with painting, drama, dance, and other forms of art to help express and deal with their mental health issues. Animal therapy uses dogs, horses, or other animals to help patients bond with another entity and cope with their issues.

A number of medications exist to help patients cope with more severe mental health issues. Antidepressants are used to help treat depression, PTSD, panic disorders, and other conditions. Mood stabilizers help patients who suffer from bipolar disorder, a condition that causes people to experience intensely manic periods followed by just as intense depressed periods.

A psychiatrist is skilled in diagnosing mental health disorders and developing treatment plans for them. Such a treatment could consist of psychotherapy, medications, or a combination thereof. Each treatment is unique to the individual patient.

For more information contact us.

The Struggle To Accurately Describe Depression

Depression can be hard to describe, especially when a therapist or a family member puts you on the spot with that inevitable question: How do you feel?

How do you describe your emotions, or lack thereof, when you are depressed? How do you explain a feeling of nothingness at the same time you are feeling everything at once? How can you explain your mindset when you don’t remember ever feeling anything different?

The Struggle To Accurately Describe Depression

It’s All In The Chemicals

The reason why depression is hard to describe, even to yourself, is that this mental state is not just situational. It’s chemical and may, perhaps, be hereditary. Those chemical imbalances cause us problems emotionally and physically.

Hormones and brain chemicals are what tell you how to feel and it is very difficult to tell when they are out of whack because the emotions come to you already altered.

Many people who are depressed feel empty and lonely most of the time, even when they are surrounded by loved ones. We want to say something to them but yet we don’t know what to say. Sometimes, we feel like there may be nothing to say.

The Struggle

We take the things that we love to do and set them aside because we are no longer inspired and no longer confident in our abilities to do them. Fatigue is rough and bleeds into our relationships with others. We don’t want to spend time with the people that we love, and then we feel worse when they react negatively to this.

When we feel at our worst, we may sometimes think that our loved ones, and even the world, would be much better without us here. But that simply isn’t true. We are all loved and wanted, we are just unable to feel it.

The struggle we are having is an internal fight to exist in a world we don’t understand because our brains have kept us from being a part of it and enjoying it. It’s time to get answers to our questions.

Our minds are messing with us and we can fight back. Pandora’s House Psychiatry is here to help anyone with a comprehensive individualized plan of attack towards combating your illness effectively and diligently. Contact us when you are ready for our help.

Understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Having worries or doubts is a natural part of life, however, many individuals find a great deal of their time is spent on excessive worrying that can feel overwhelming and uncontrollable. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is described as having persistent and excessive worry over a variety of different things. Individuals with GAD often live with a sense of impending disaster or doom and may find themselves distressed about health, finances, work, personal relationships, or other issues. While symptoms vary and can be mild to severe depending on the individual, some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Restlessness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Agitation
  • Muscle tension and aches
  • Dizziness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Shortness of breath

Understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder

While most people experience worry from time to time, those with GAD find it challenging to control worrisome thoughts over long periods of time. Often, the worry is unwarranted and everyday routines can be enough to produce anxiety in those with GAD. Individuals with GAD are often aware of their unchecked worry but are unable to stop the worry cycle. This can interfere with professional and personal relationships.

In the U.S., more than 6.8 million individuals are affected by GAD and the disorder is more common in women than men. While GAD can develop at any age, the risk is greatest between childhood and middle age. It is not fully understood what determines GAD in individuals, though research suggests that biological factors, a family history of anxiety, and stressful life experiences have an impact on the likelihood of developing the disorder.

Treatment of GAD often involves cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) which helps to permanently change thinking and behaviors. Often, CBT is successful on its own for those living with GAD, but medication can also be prescribed to help relieve some physical symptoms of anxiety, such as stomach aches and muscle tension. Commonly prescribed medications for GAD include antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications and are typically prescribed for short periods of time, as the risk of dependency can be higher in these medications.

In addition, lifestyle changes can also help those living with generalized anxiety disorder. These changes include increasing daily physical activity, practicing yoga and meditation, reducing caffeine intake and other stimulants and building a support system among friends and family to talk about worries and fears with.

With a combination of therapy, medication, and lifestyle modifications, most individuals living with GAD are able to manage their symptoms and perform daily functions professionally and personally. If you are concerned about your anxiety or are struggling with worry, we are here to help.  Contact Pandora’s House today.

What is the Difference between Depression and Sadness?

Many people confuse depression with sadness. According to the American Psychiatric Association, sadness or grief is triggered by a specific event, such as the loss of a loved one, a job loss, or an end of a relationship. The feelings have a specific cause and are often temporary as the triggering event recedes into the past. That is not to say that the feelings that are triggering by such an event are not severe and may even need the intervention of a mental health professional. Feelings brought about by a physical assault or witnessing a catastrophe can cause Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and require therapy to overcome.

What is the Difference between Depression and Sadness?

Depression is a far different disorder. The feelings of sadness are constant and have no specific triggering event. They can be caused by biochemistry, genetic predisposition, a personality disorder (i.e. low self-esteem) or something constant such as an abusive relationship or an abusive childhood. Sometimes a physical cause exists, such as a brain tumor, a vitamin deficiency, or even a thyroid condition.

Depression can be mild or severe. The condition is characterized by sleep disorders, a lack of energy needed to perform everyday tasks, eating disorders, a constant feeling of worthlessness, and even, in the most extreme cases, thoughts of self-harm or suicide. In general, the feelings must be constant for two weeks to trigger a diagnosis of depression.

Fortunately, depression is one of the more treatable of mental health disorders. Medications, psychotherapy (i.e. talking therapy), and even, in extreme cases, electroconvulsive therapy have been used to treat depression. People living with depression can often be taught exercises to relieve the symptoms. Regular sleep, a good, healthy diet, and avoidance of alcohol help to deal with the feelings of depression. Given treatment, roughly 80 to 90 percent of people with depression can enjoy relief from symptoms.

For more information contact us.

What is Anxiety and What Does It Look Like?

Anxiety is a normal human response to perceived stressful or dangerous situations. Life events, such as having a child or losing your job can make any individual anxious. Anxiety can be a combination of intense feelings of nervousness, a noticeable increase in sweating, racing thoughts and a more rapid heartbeat. It is a scary human emotion that in most cases, is temporary and completely harmless. But for some individuals, anxiety can be a debilitating mental disease that prevents them from living an enriched and fulfilling life. Below are the five most common anxiety disorders.

What is Anxiety and What Does It Look Like?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: This type of anxiety is accompanied by persistent feelings of restlessness, usually lasting for months or longer, and is likely to affect all areas of an individual’s life, even towards things that may seem trivial in nature. They may have irrational fears about something for little to no underlying reasons.

Panic Disorder: This disorder is repetitive and ongoing but usually involves specific episodes. In these episodes, an individual may experience impending feels of doom, sudden loss of breath, chest pain, and heart palpitations. The feelings can be so intense that it can feel like a heart attack.

Social Anxiety Disorder: With this anxiety, individuals are usually characterized by feelings of insecurity or self-consciousness. They avoid social situations out of an intense fear of embarrassment, judgment, or humiliation from others. It is usually derived from some negative social experience, such as bullying.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: This involves intrusive fears of some horrible occurrence. To ensure this horrible occurrence does not happen, a set of obsessive guidelines and routines are followed. This could be washing your hands several times out of the fear of contracting germs or praying obsessively for a sick family member.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): This is probably the most well-known type of anxiety disorder. It comes from experiencing or being witness to a traumatic event. It is uncontrollable and can be triggered in the form of flashbacks, nightmares, etc. The most commonly well- known cases of PTSD involve soldiers in the military who have come back from war.

It is important to know that anxiety does not look like just one symptom and can manifest itself in many ways. Pandora’s House of Psychiatry is a judgment free zone and committed to providing the best service, personalized and extensively tailored for you. If your anxiety is preventing you from living your life to the fullest, please contact us now. Take back control of your life today!